செல்ல பிராணி வழிகாட்டி
The Ten Golden Rules of Puppy Care
Training starts on day one:
It’s never too early to start training your puppy through training your dog will learn to understand what you expect of him and be better equipped to fit into his environment.
A puppy needs a balanced diet:
What you feed your puppy really matters, in fact, he needs special nutrition with just the right amounts of protein, fats, minerals and vitamins and always make sure your puppy gets plenty of fresh clean water.
Keep your puppy well groomed:
Start grooming your puppy at an early age. The earlier your dog gets to know the procedure, the more readily he will get used to it.
Puppies need regular dental care:
Taking care of your puppy’s teeth now will prevent a lot of problems later on in his life. In fact, the number one health problem for dogs, is periodontal disease. So start brushing your puppy’s teeth now.
Exercise your puppy daily:
Part of the normal routine for a healthy puppy is regular exercise. The amount your dog needs will depend not only on his size, but also on his breed.
Regular vet check ups is a must:
Your puppy in home, you should take him into the vet within the next day or so far an overall check up. When your puppy reaches adulthood, at least one visit a year is required to ensure his ongoing good health.
Give your puppy home health checks:
You can play a big role in keeping your puppy healthy by doing health check ups at home. Frequently check his weight, coat and skin, eyes and ears, teeth and guns to prevent small problems from turning into big ones.
Introduce your puppy to other dogs:
One of the best ways to teach good canine manners is to allow your puppy to interact with an adult dog. Most adult dogs won’t be aggressive though some times, a big dog will find a way to put a puppy in its place. Perhaps with a growl or a snap.
Reward good behaviour:
Positive reinforcement is a powerful way to make your puppy a well behaved member of your family. Reward him with a treat or praise when he does what you tell him.
Raising a puppy requires a lot of love and patience. Educate yourself by reading, talking to other dog owners and communicating with your vet. This will eliminate many “Surprise” along the way, and will help you build a strong enduring relationship with your puppy.
For Pet Owners Guide
|1. Parvo, Distemper, Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, Parainfluenza, Adenvirosis vaccine|
|2. Corona Virus vaccine 16th necessary|
|3. Anti Rabies vaccine|
Note:- Sick animals and those with severe ecto and endoparasite infestations should not be vaccinated. Do not fail to have revaccinations carried out which are indispensable for the maintenance of immunity against rabies, parvo, distemper, hepatitis leptospirosis & coronavirosis
Feedings Schedule For Your Dog
(Suggested Approximate Schedule for your pet dog)
|Type of breed||0-3 months||3-6 months||6-9 months||9 months|
|5-6 feedings (3 milk & 3 semi solid food)
300 ml of milk/300 mg of semi solid feed/beef and rice with egg.
|4 feedings (2 milk & 2 solid food)
400 ml of milk/500 g of beef and rice vegetables/egg
|3 feedings (3 milk & 1 solid food)
500 ml of milk/600-750 g of beef and rice vegetables/egg
|2 feedings (1 milk & 1 solid food)
500 ml of milk/650 g of beef and rice with vegetables
(Alsatian (GSD) Labrador)
|250 ml of milk/250 g of semi solid food (Cereals, corn, beef bread-cums of puddy, biscuits, minced meat, egg, etc.,)||300 ml of milk/300 g beef and rice cereal mixture biscuits of bread crumbs.||350 ml of milk/time500 g of beef and rice||400 ml of milk/500-700g of beef depending|
|Medium lean breeds
|200-250 ml of milk/200g of semi solid food(cereals, corn,minced corn, minced meat, egg) and vegetables||250 ml of milk/250g of beef and rice/cereal mixture bread crumbs||300 ml of milk/300g of minced beef and rice/egg/vegetables||350 ml of milk/400-500g of beef and rice, egg and rice|
|Small breeds (Spitz
|100-150 ml f milk/200g of semi solid food cereals, minced, meat.||150-200 ml of milk/150g of beef and rice vegetables and rice||250 mil of milk/200g of minced beef and rice vegetables/egg||250 ml of milk/300g of beef and rice vegetables and rice|
- Keep the food separately in a bowl meant for your pet
- Adjust the height of the bowl by using the adjustable feeding stand
- Always give fresh food, if your pet is not in a mood to take the food remove and feed it afterwards
- Avoid keeping the food in the bowl continuously, this may lead to spoilage and digestive problems
- Provide fresh and clean water
Training your pet
Every dog owner has a responsibility to train his pet to be well behaved and disciplined member of the community
Training your puppy to come, sit, lie down and stay down are most important both for the safety of your dog and for harmonious relations with family, friends and outside the home. A disobedient uncontrollable dog is a nuisance and can be a menace for you and your family
Generally professional training should be started around 4 to 5 months of your pet’s age. But your puppy can be trained from the first month of age onwards
Teaching his name
First teach your puppy his name by using it frequently. He will soon understand that when you or any one else says his name your mean him. The dog’s name should be of double sounding in nature “Tiger” “Rambo” and so on
Collar and Leash:
Get your puppy accustomed to collar and leash. Start with a narrow, soft collar at first and allow it wear constantly. Attach a light lead and allow it to drag for few days. Then by gently holding it walk along the pup so that it can’t feel the lead too much
During training, your pup should wear a correctly positioned choke chain (Choker of choke chain). With this a short, quick tug with the lead will teach him that he is doing wrong
“Sit” can sometimes be taught using a non-physical method. Hold some biscuits in the hand and show it to him. The pup will be interested in the hand and will watch it. Move the hand back over the pups head. While it is watching the hand. This act probably cause him to sit. When he does so, say sit. If the pup is not responding to it, follow physical methods. Attach the lead to the pup’s collar and use it to keep him close. Push down gently in the dogs hind quarters and pull up slightly on the lead, saying “Sit”. In both the methods the final step is to practice the puppy when he does it
The training syllabus of dog should start from organizing natural urges like hunger, urination, defecation, rest and housing. This should be followed by training for obedience and then specialized training for guarding, house breaking, search and seizure, etc. The training should be divided into several lesions and different courses may be followed for the training of dogs for specialized purposes. In this chapter essential obedience training for house dogs has been briefly described
Practice to call name by natural urges:Natural urges include hunger, thirst, urination and defecation.
- The dog should be given a single name on arrival in the house
- The place for feeding and watching should normally be fixed
- Fix placed for urination and defecation; the dog should not be allowed to urinate or defecate at any other place in the house or yard. Dogs normally defecate immediately after awaking and eating or drinking
- Practice to come back when called
Training for obedience: The dog should be taught to understand the common instruction by practice like sitting down, lying down, getting up, go fetch, bark and like forelimbs